sql, but does not require J2EE as it has been added to the J2SE release. The standard tooling for accessing the database includes a mix of DBVisualizer, Squirrel, and Oracle SQL Developer, depending on how hard you want to beat your head in to the wall that day! I for one would love to see HeidiSQL have support for DB2, break the mold! It looks like IBM's DB2 Windows client does come with an ODBC driver. Instalação do SQL Developer. Update for JasperReports Server v5. It could help me for underestanding how to connect to db2. Click on "New Connection". SQLException: No suitable driver when connecting to a DB2 database using driver COM. Running an SQL Injection Attack How to connect IBM i DB2 using JDBC Driver | yusy4code - Duration:. SQL Developer will not only help you to connect to DB2 database engine but also. By default, Oracle SQL Developer doesn’t support DB2 connections as shown below: However we can create DB2 connection in Oracle SQL Developer using Third Party JDBC Drivers. These instructions apply to SQL Server 7, SQL Server 2000, SQL Server 2005, and SQL Server 2008. Vela is SQL and PL/SQL client with graphical user interface developed as a open source front end tool using JDBC and Java Swing. 8 (probably works with Caribou Lake driver too). jTDS is 100% JDBC 3. x WebSphere Test Environment use the Server Configuration Editor provided by Rational Application Developer to set this value on the data source. Microsoft HIS 2004 Pricing and Licensing FAQ. SQL Developer is a free Database IDE that allows you to interact with databases using a graphical user interface instead of command line tools like Db2 command line or Db2 command line plus. Microsoft JDBC Driver for SQL Server. I upgraded at the end of April to Ubuntu 16. jar file anywhere you like. Connecting Oracle SQL Developer to SQL Server database sql-server-using-oracle-sql-developer/. Steps to create JDBC connection: Register the database driver with java. 1; Troubles with Threads and Suns jdbc-odbc Bridge Driver? java. Connection String. Available downloads of JDBC Driver for SQL Server. This is also (but not exclusively) due to the fact that NULL is also called UNKNOWN. Our JDBC driver can be easily used with all versions of SQL and across both 32-bit and 64-bit platforms. "Squirrel SQL" is a great light weight generic SQL client that I have started using for more than 7 years now. 0 is compatible with all MySQL versions starting with MySQL 5. x) and different database management utilities (e. The CLI-based DB2 Legacy JDBC Driver Type 2 offers the application developer two different trace possibilities:. In jboss 5,add select count(1) from SYSIBM. 11 Microsoft JDBC Driver 4. To apply the REOPT(ONCE) configuration, complete the following for each database used for Appian data source and business data sources: On the DB2 server, navigate to /bin. Net enabling developers to build database applications in their language of choice. Microsoft Access, but unfortunately you cannot use it from. SQL DEVELOPER JTDS JDBC DRIVER - The following site has different methods to determine the port. Assume that Student database , qual table already been created in DB2. Am trying to connect to DB2 LUW from Oracle SQL Developer 1. In principal SQL Developer supports any database providing a JDBC. You can also specify your own JDBC drivers to get support for additional platforms. Open source enterprise search platform. Creating and Using Database JDBC Connections ‹ Understanding Data Adapters and Connections in Jaspersoft Studio up Working with Your JDBC Connection › A JDBC connection allows you to use a relational DBMS (or, in general, whatever databases are accessible through a JDBC driver) as a data source. setQueryTimeout() method and setting a timeout value through code will take care of most single-query statements that we might want to issue. Interbase with the Interclient JDBC driver. x as of SQuirreL version 3. The JTOpen code is available in both compiled and source code versions for customer downloads. jdbc url for sql server 2008 r2-mugezuv’s blog. It supports pluggable extensions. One can create multiple schema. To be able to access DB2 from SQLDeveloper, you need a JDBC driver (db2jcc. The Teiid JDBC API provides Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) access to any Virtual Database (VDB) deployed on a Teiid Server. NET SQL database connection strings. JDBC 2 Type 2 drivers use an OS. Second, you create a new Database Connection to the DB2 database. I thought it might be a nice thing to add to my blog. DB2 JDBC Driver Versions und Downloads Mal ganz generell: Die Pakete von IBM Data Server Driver for JDBC and SQLJ enhtalten zwei unterschiedliche Typen von JDBC-Treibern: db2jcc. The following tables compare general and technical information for a number of available database administrator tools. jar) so I can see logging? SQL Developer cannot connect over VPN, only LAN Block Select Redux weird toolbar. Hello,I wonder how to add jdbc postgres driver to TIBCO, so that it would be visible in JDBC Connection drop down box. Steps to create JDBC connection: Register the database driver with java. 后来按这个方法,将我自己安装的db2数据库里的db2java. It may handle any external datasource which may or may not have a JDBC driver. DB2Jcc -version; The 'Build Number' indicates the date the driver was compiled and can be used to determine the drivers age. EDIT: To auto-generate a script that rebinds everything:. I am trying to connect Oracle SQL Developer with DB2 Database. Unpack the archive, and save the db2jcc4. This properties file is used to set specific database properties that cannot be retrieved by the JDBC driver. Check the list of drivers currently available. I’ve used ojdbc14. jTDS is based on FreeTDS and is currently the fastest production-ready JDBC driver for SQL Server and Sybase ASE. I am trying to connect Oracle SQL Developer with DB2 Database. Open a session to database, i. Databricks JDBC / ODBC Driver Download. If you are using DB2 V8, this db2java. Ключевые Да Oracle SQL Developer - это настоящее У. jar" in the file open dialog. DB2 and PostgreSQL). By default, Oracle SQL Developer doesn’t support DB2 connections as shown below: However we can create DB2 connection in Oracle SQL Developer using Third Party JDBC Drivers. zip file will be the correct driver. Type 3 (JDBC-Middleware-DB) drivers incur a performance penalty because of the bridging needed to reach the database, but does introduce optimization potential from the location of the middleware. 6 DB2 concepts 1. Providing details for a new custom JDBC driver. SQL developer Data minig / Oracle / Добрый вечер всем,После установки oracle 12c на windows 7 (64) создал пользователя, далее установил repository data minig. There is a set of plugins for certain databases (MySQL, Oracle, DB2, SQL Server, PostgreSQL, Vertica, Informix, MongoDB, Cassandra, Redis, InfluxDB in version 5. This is Oracle's supported distribution of the open source Apache Derby database. While Microsoft does have a JDBC driver that you can download, and it does work with SDDM's stand-alone version, SDDM also comes bundled with Oracle SQL Developer and that DOESN'T work with Microsoft's driver. Only one specific JDBC driver is supported. I am facing the OpenSQLException: JDBC driver not supported for ORACLE database. The CLI-based DB2 Legacy JDBC Driver Type 2 offers the application developer two different trace possibilities:. The JDBC driver which is published by Microsoft doesn’t work with Oracle SQL Developer, at least I couldn’t make it work. Tools, Database, IDE, Modeling Tools, Database Development. To make my publisher happy, I borrowed it from my Oracle Database 11g PL/SQL Programming book. Go to Tools > Preferences 3. Web Developer Resumes Database : Oracle 11g, DB2, MS SQL Working knowledge in performing Database Testing using JDBC API in combination with Java, and SQL. 0 compatible, supporting. IBM DB2 iSeries and ZSeries Z/OS are not supported at this time. It can work with any database server which has JDBC or ODBC driver. The connection usually is a pooled connection. SQL File Import allows you to upload files, images, and other data into your database, without having to write any SQL statements. 0 driver for Microsoft SQL Server (6. Configuring JDeveloper 11g with AS400 The following steps is a guide on how to connect to an AS400 database using JDBC and JDeveloper 11g for design-time. The MS SQL Server JDBC driver and the MS SQL Server database) will always determine if a secure connection is possible. DB2Jcc -version; The 'Build Number' indicates the date the driver was compiled and can be used to determine the drivers age. For Tableau Bridge, use the same drivers as Tableau Desktop. You can connect to a wide variety of non-Oracle databases and import metadata and data from these sources using JDBC connectivity. Download the Microsoft JDBC Driver 6. SQL Workbench/J mainly uses standard Java/JDBC calls to the database and thus should work against any DBMS that has a JDBC driver. , Word, PDF) handling. I have already trying few options (adding jar to classpatch, putting jar in tpcl dir, etc. jTDS is an open source 100% pure Java (type 4) JDBC 3. Microsoft SQL Server vs. 1, Business Intelligence Development Studio 2008 (BIDS) , Business Intelligence, IBMDA400/IBMDASQL OLE DB, ODBC Driver Provider, IBMDARLA,. If there is no access to a public repository, the driver needs to be previously installed into a local repository. "Squirrel SQL" is a great light weight generic SQL client that I have started using for more than 7 years now. MySQL provides standards-based drivers for JDBC, ODBC, and. It can be embedded in Java applications, requiring zero administration by the developer or user. jar" in the file open dialog. 3 with JRockit JDK 1. Go to "Oracle SQL Developer" - "Tools" - "Preferences" - > Third Party JDBC Driver. SQL Server : Connections in SQL Developer. jar and the "db2jcc_license_cisuz. Driver Version Redistributable DB2 JDBC Type 4 driver v8 fixpack 13 db2_jdbc_t4_fp13. But not all features might work correctly with unknown databases, especially if the JDBC driver only implements a small subset of the JDBC API. SQL editor tabs context menu: show menu for the tab under cursor. jar with db2jcc_license_cu. jar file is located in the /db2/license directory of the activation CD or activation file downloaded from Passport Advantage. Fall in love with Ubuntu? In the end I got Navicate software which gave me the best result and it transfered all the data in minutes. Adding Db2 Driver To Sql Developer. I had no issues installing it; but as soon as I started clicking on anything that required a. SQL Developer 4: JDBC Errors? Posted: July 14, 2013 | Author: gbalda | Filed under: SQL Developer | Tags: SQL Developer | 6 Comments. Second, you create a new Database Connection to the DB2 database. Or is there any other freely availableReliable such type4-JDBC driver for MsSQL Server. Teradata ODBC Driver For Windows. Information about the JDBC driver for IBM DB2® is available online; a starting point and example for configuration purposes is the section on "How JDBC applications connect to a data source" in the DB2 Developer documentation. Steps: Download JDBC driver for SQL Developer to SQL Server. It may handle any external datasource which may or may not have a JDBC driver. I tryed to do this by adding DB2 JDBC drivers through: TOOLS->prefrences->Database->Third Party JDBC drivers. 2)we are able to connect DB QA host ( XYZQAHOST. Oracle System Properties Comparison IBM Db2 vs. This is Oracle's supported distribution of the open source Apache Derby database. jdbc url for sql server 2008 r2. If your Oracle® database is running on Linux or UNIX, you can use Oracle's Database Gateway for ODBC (DG4ODBC) and the DB2 ODBC Driver to connect Oracle® to IBM DB2. jar Libraries in "Third Party JDBC Driver" DB2 tabs appears Entered Userna. Step 1: Download the jdbc drivers of the database you are trying to connect which could be Oracle, Teradata, MS SQL,and etc. Oracle SQL Developer. DBeaver Universal Database Tool Free multi-platform database tool for developers, SQL programmers, database administrators and analysts. 3 JDBC Type 2 driver performance enhancements. Subject: JDBC connect to AS400 without JT400 !? Oracle's free SQL Developer tool can connect to DB2 and iseries using JDBC drivers (Based on what i read) problem is i am not able to find the JDBC jar files anywhere !? db2jcc. Free jdbc odbc bridge download. 19 (it mostly works for many versions) After adding that jar to third party JDBC Drivers. But if you are not, you will need to download the JDBC driver from Oracle (after accepting the terms and conditions you probably won’t read). Teradata ODBC Driver For Windows. But not all features might work correctly with unknown databases, especially if the JDBC driver only implements a small subset of the JDBC API. Using SQL Developer to connect to BPM databases Download and setup SQL Developer: we should first tell the tool which JDBC drivers to use for Oracle, DB2, and. Configuring SQL Developer for MySQL. With the Generic Connector you will be able to use your JDBC driver to connect to any JDBC enabled database. Conectors JDBC (Drivers) IBM DB2 Driver for JDBC and SQLJ (Driver de Tipus 4) Es pot trovar dins apartat DB2 Clients and Development Tools de la pàgina central de DB2 Express-C. However, it is nice to know that it is possible. RazorSQL Portable (64-Bit) is a database query tool, SQL editor, database browser, and administration tool with built-in connection capabilities for Access, Upgraded DB2 JTOpen JDBC driver to. This blog outlines the need for a powerful SQL Server JDBC Driver to make the most of Splunk DB Connect while importing data into Splunk. MySQL Connector/J is the official JDBC driver for MySQL. The plan is the primary method for any developer or DBA to troubleshoot any performance issue by a query; it can even identify which part of query is causing the issue. See also: IBM DB2 bind option documentation. a JDBC Driver in Oracle SQL Developer. The driver supports the java. Hello, I didnt see it mentioned in the tip so I thought I would mention it. But based on the Architecture and functionality the drivers are divided into four different type: 1) TYPE- I Driver: JDBC-ODBC Bridge Driver. jTDS is based on FreeTDS and is currently the fastest production-ready JDBC driver for SQL Server and Sybase ASE. Use the links in the following table to download the latest Microsoft JDBC Driver for SQL Server that matches your Java Runtime. Howdy, Trying to figure out what the best way to get iSeries DB2 Data into JDE on Windows using Oracle DB (Yup, I think I wrote that write). I tried to add a new JDBC driver for Apache Drill following the examples in the docs for the DB2 zOS drivers. Using Toolbox JDBC Driver You can use the Toolbox for Java JDBC driver to access your iSeries DB2 database. It provides a common set of features across all databases and can be installed on any Operating System which has a Java Runtime available. Note that although you can use jTDS open source JDBC driver, we recommend that you use the SAP-supplied JDBC driver instead. Using SQL Developer to connect to BPM databases Download and setup SQL Developer: we should first tell the tool which JDBC drivers to use for Oracle, DB2, and. With Oracle SQL Developer, it is possible to connect to many databases with JDBC driver, not just an Oracle database. Tested with: Java 8; Oracle database 19c; Oracle JDBC driver for Java 8, ojdbc8. Install the software for SQL SQuirreL from the link provided above. Check the list of drivers currently available. Instalação do SQL Developer. 0 on RHEL 5. Connecting Oracle SQL Developer to SQL Server database sql-server-using-oracle-sql-developer/. Access DB2 databases from BI, analytics, and reporting tools, through easy-to-use bi-directional data drivers. Type 4 (JDBC-DB) drivers typically provide optimum driver performance. jar, db2jcc. Or is there any other freely availableReliable such type4-JDBC driver for MsSQL Server. Suppose you have a light weight version of SQL Server installed, such as Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Express. jar, db2jcc_license_cu. DB2 for z/O driver jars config. Second, you create a new Database Connection to the DB2 database. For the version 5. Hello Dan, that's a pity. To add JDBC driver for MySQL, click "add entry…" button and find "mysql-connector-java-5. getConnection(url, user, password); Listed below are connection examples for three common JDBC drivers Read More …. Server side default JDBC driver; Universal JDBC Driver DB2 v 8. 1 64 bit? I cannot get it to start up. I have an odbc connection to the db2 db, but I can't figure out how to connect to it from within MS. 6_11 – Installation by unzipping the downloaded file. When registering a datasource, if you select a generic JDBC connection, you must specify the installed JDBC. This allows a single DB tool to use multiple queries. To include the DB2 JDBC drivers, choose "Preferences" under the "Tools" menu item. On my Developer Box: - I can connect to the Oracle DB on the Windows Box - that is good - I've imported the. It is fully transactional and provides a standard SQL interface as well as a JDBC 4. SqlException: DB2 SQL Error: SQLCODE=-973, SQLSTATE=00000 Hi, We are running WebLogic 10. I tried both copying the jar into the lib/drivers directory and creating a lib/drill and adding a classpath entry in datastudio. How to connect jdbc connection in webmethods without server and with server step by step explain Answer / kiran When you configure JDBC Adapter connections, you must specify information that the Integration Server uses to connect to a JDBC system. Working with the Java DB (Derby) Database. SQL Developer by Oracle is one of the most traditional database tools to offer end-to-end development of PL/SQL application. 2 posts published by sksdev during March 2012. DG4ODBC comes as part of Oracle® 12c / Oracle® 11g, at no additional cost, and supports both these versions of Oracle® and Oracle® 10g. I have tried finding it from google but no luck. I've been reading up on JDBC and I understand what it's to be used for and such but I still have a few questions. Let’s see, how it works. Cognos 8 [ ERROR ] Content Manager failed to start because it could not load driver 'com. The drivers are compliant with Type 4 architecture, but provide advanced features that define them as Type 5 drivers. zip by I don't know what comes next. It supports any database having a JDBC driver. This is how to configure Squirrel SQL 3. Among the drivers that can be used are the JCC Universal Driver and the JTOpen "Toolbox" JDBC. Using the Oracle THICK JDBC driver bundled with instant client 18. Information about the JDBC driver for IBM DB2® is available online; a starting point and example for configuration purposes is the section on "How JDBC applications connect to a data source" in the DB2 Developer documentation. Select and download the appropriate driver archive from DB2 JDBC Driver Versions and Downloads. Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) is a Java-based application programming interface (API) which includes a set of functions that enable Java applications to access a data model in a database. NET DB2 Managed Provider. Please select another system to include it in the comparison. jar (some drivers need more than one file). Hi, I have installed pvs database on my machine and i want to connect to pvs database. Tracing with the DB2 Legacy JDBC Driver Type 2. The process of creating a section from a SQL statement is referred to as compilation. The lessons are based on Oracle 12c Database and SQL Developer Tools running in Windows 10. Configuring Oracle SQL Developer for Microsoft SQL Server and MySQL. For initial understanding on database and SQL queries, refer MySQL Basics. This driver is a Type 4 JDBC driver that provides database connectivity through the standard JDBC application program interfaces (APIs). _/b_ The code is : (Inner Exception) System. But if you have winsql - it looks like it would be stated somewhere?. interceptor. Import the JDBC core classes (for example, import java. SqlException: DB2 SQL Error: SQLCODE=-973, SQLSTATE=00000 Hi, We are running WebLogic 10. SAP Lumira allows you to create dataset by using SQL query for target data source, manually. Open SQL Developer and go to the "Tools/Preferences " menu and then in the modal window that opens, click on the "Database" section to expand the section and select the option "Third Party JDBC Drivers". , Word, PDF) handling. I added Driver Classname =com. Connecting to a database. 1; Troubles with Threads and Suns jdbc-odbc Bridge Driver? java. DBVIS is not a language-specific Client. So, as I said, SDDM works perfectly well with a SQL Server database. SQL> create user DB2INST1 identified by DB2INST1. Subject: JDBC connect to AS400 without JT400 !? Oracle's free SQL Developer tool can connect to DB2 and iseries using JDBC drivers (Based on what i read) problem is i am not able to find the JDBC jar files anywhere !? db2jcc. Running an SQL Injection Attack How to connect IBM i DB2 using JDBC Driver | yusy4code - Duration:. To be able to access DB2 from SQLDeveloper, you need a JDBC driver (db2jcc. Similary MySQL functions prefix with "mySQL", SQL Server functions prefix with "sql", IBM DB2 functions prefixc with "db2". 0 specification. Phil has solved some pretty difficult problems, above and beyond support you will find anywhere. Sun categorizes JDBC drivers into four types. The CLI-based DB2 Legacy JDBC Driver Type 2 offers the application developer two different trace possibilities:. How To Enable Dbms Output Display In Sql. This driver is a Type 4 JDBC driver that provides database connectivity through the standard JDBC application program interfaces (APIs). Using this driver, you can easily create a fast. So we can have schema-hsqldb. Depending on the SQL server JDBC driver, it may be possible for multiple queries to be sent in the same JDBC call: SQL Server: Allows multiple statements in the same JDBC call (optionally separated by semicolons). 19 (it mostly works for many versions) After adding that jar to third party JDBC Drivers. This is Oracle's supported distribution of the open source Apache Derby database. Other trademarks and. Here is just a sampling of the many IBM i resources you can access using JTOpen: Database -- JDBC (SQL) and record-level access (DDM). Melbourne, Australia. sql developer 64 bit download - X 64-bit Download and provides major SQL database drivers along with a built-in encrypted SQL Microsoft SQL Server, DB2, Solid. Specify the connection URL: DriverManager getConnection jdbc:db2:coffebk. There is a set of plugins for certain databases (MySQL, Oracle, DB2, SQL Server, PostgreSQL, Vertica, Informix, MongoDB, Cassandra, Redis, InfluxDB in version 5. Configuring Oracle SQL Developer for Microsoft SQL Server and MySQL. jar file anywhere you like. interceptor. Am trying to connect to DB2 LUW from Oracle SQL Developer 1. He finds that the best features of DbVisualizer are the JDBC drivers for database access that work without client installation, the fact that he can use one SQL interface and the ability to export large datasets, although some of the JDBC interfaces are still somewhat limited by memory. The JDBC-ODBC Bridge driver is recommended only for experimental use or when no other alternative is. May be you are correct Michel. DB2 to Oracle Data Migration using SQL Developer – A quick demonstration. 9 - JDBC-ODBC Bridge Driver 9. Use the links in the following table to download the latest Microsoft JDBC Driver for SQL Server that matches your Java Runtime. I’ve been dealing with Postgres and MySQL and some others on a regular basis, so finding a good GUI is like making a good friend for life. Navigate to a save location of the Postgresql JDBC driver from jdbc. The general form of the connection URL for JDBC driver for SQL Server is. forName(jdbcClassName); Connection connection = DriverManager. How to connect jdbc connection in webmethods without server and with server step by step explain Answer / kiran When you configure JDBC Adapter connections, you must specify information that the Integration Server uses to connect to a JDBC system. "If you use the type-4 JDBC driver, WinSQL can talk directly to the database eliminating any bulky client side API. You need the Oracle JDBC Type-4 driver (the "thin" driver). Usually they are provided by the same company which implemented the Vertica software. Aqua Data Studio is a SQL editor and developer tool that allows developers to easily create, edit, and execute SQL scripts, as well as browse database structures. Advanced features, such as updatable result sets or SQL3 data types, are not supported. 2 API, JDBC 4. 2, you may need to run the usejdbc2 script file to change the default JDBC level of the driver from JDBC 1. jar file is located in the /db2/license directory of the activation CD or activation file downloaded from Passport Advantage. But the MySQL JDBC connector is very much open source covered by the GPL. jar through tools > preferences. Tools, Database, IDE, Modeling Tools, Database Development. jdbcodbcdriver" from JDK and JRE. Microsoft SQL Server vs. The Version 2 and Version 3 JDBC drivers use SSLv3. To use a custom JDBC driver you have already registered, select that driver from the JDBC driver to use dropdown. simple AbstractPortalComponent whose code is given below. getConnection(), java. 3 for Relational Databases: Reference, Second Edition Tell usHow satisfied are you with SAS documentation?. Configuring the database (JDBC) drivers. Open SQL Developer and go to the "Tools/Preferences " menu and then in the modal window that opens, click on the "Database" section to expand the section and select the option "Third Party JDBC Drivers". zip, should have been added to your classpath automatically. All cheat sheets, round-ups, quick reference cards, quick reference guides and quick reference sheets in one page. Our JDBC driver can be easily used with all versions of SQL and across both 32-bit and 64-bit platforms. Specifies the name of a JDBC driver/database-specific properties file that contains the configuration values. I use it just about every day, as do a number of developers here. jar and db2jcc_license_cu. The plan is the primary method for any developer or DBA to troubleshoot any performance issue by a query; it can even identify which part of query is causing the issue. 1 compliant driver. Some of these are DB2, Teradata, Access, MSSQL, and MySQL. Kent Graziano on January 17, at The migration piece is the Migration Workbench. sql file with the following. I had no issues installing it; but as soon as I started clicking on anything that required a. Note: Since JDBC 4. You need the latest db2 jdbc drivers directly from IBM. Couple of notes –. sql and so on. ConnectionStrings. Instalação do SQL Developer. RazorSQL ships with JDBC drivers for certain database vendors. To use a custom JDBC driver you have already registered, select that driver from the JDBC driver to use dropdown. Contribute. For example, Dbb2 Express-C. Yesterday I installed SQL Developer 4 on a Virtualbox VM that also contains Oracle 11g R2 and SQL Developer 3. The Toolbox for Java JDBC driver. This document demonstrates how to set up a connection to Java DB database in NetBeans IDE. If you are using DB2 7. Cognos 8 [ ERROR ] Content Manager failed to start because it could not load driver 'com. 2 and later Information in this document applies to any platform. jar Libraries in "Third Party JDBC Driver" DB2 tabs appears Entered Userna. Can the drivers for iseries box be resued to establish the connectivity to DB2 on Z/OS box Regards. IBM DB2: You need the binary driver jar files db2jcc. Couple of notes –.